Comparing Agro-industrial Development Strategies in Africa: This is a project of UNIDO to find out the most suitable policies to develop agro-industries and to promote agribusiness in Africa. The country characteristics, the natural endowments and the regional interactions impact on the selection of sustainable strategies and policies. It is part of a research and advisory programme on Value Addition to Africa’s Industry by new Agro-Industrial Development Strategies that was inaugurated by the Director-General of UNIDO in February 2008. The Abuja Declaration (link), adopted at the recent Meeting of the African Heads of State and Government in Abuja, Nigeria, March 2010, reflects these new policies envisaged for Africa. UNIDO and six other regional and international organisations cooperate on these important issues. Programme and project components aim to identify suitable policy interventions at local, national, regional and global levels to stimulate in Africa value addition in industry and in agriculture. Professor Karl Wohlmuth continues to work as an International Consultant for UNIDO in the project.
Applied New Institutional Economics: Mister Berhanu Denu from Addis Ababa University has finished his book manuscript on “Institutions and Investment in Sudan/South Sudan”. He applies new institutional economics to explain the weaknesses of economic policy in Sudan since independence and the difficulties of institutional rehabilitation in South Sudan after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005. He uses a cross-section analysis to find out the role of institutional variables for investment. Institutional variables like an index of the quality of the legal system and the protection of property rights and an index of constraints on the executive power of the government matter in this context. He also analyses the transaction costs of doing now business in autonomous South Sudan. The main impediments for investments of entrepreneurs in South Sudan are outlined. The study will be of importance for further economic policy reforms in Sudan and south Sudan. The book will appear in the IWIM Book Series as the number 18 (link).
The study was funded by the Africa Research Programme of the Volkswagen Foundation in the frame of the Sudan Governance Project that was headed at the University of Bremen by Professor Karl Wohlmuth and Dr. Elke Grawert (see more about the Sudan Governance Project - Link). The project is finally closed by the end of the year. Dr. Elke Grawert, a former IWIM staff, is now working as Senior Researcher at the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC). A new project on Economic Policy in Sudan after the Referendum in 2011 will be started soon in Bremen. Major policy studies of the SERG (Sudan Economy Research Group) in Bremen are still relevant for the new era of economic reforms in Sudan after the Referendum of 2011 (see the SERG Publications List – Link).
Economic Policy Responses to the Global Financial Crisis in Japan and Germany: The report of a conference held by the Bremen University of Applied Sciences in the House of Science Bremen, initiated by Professor Hans H. Bass, Bremen University of Applied Sciences, was recently published with support by the Deutsche Bundesbank. Professor Karl Wohlmuth has contributed with an essay on Challenges for the Reform of Labour and Employment Policies in Japan and in Germany to this edition (see for bibliographical details the List of Recent Publications at: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/publikationen/pub-wohlmuth.htm ). Emphasis is in the essay on a comparison and an evaluation of government strategies to respond to the global financial crisis (see also the long version of the paper in IWIM Blue Series Discussion Papers Number 115 at: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/files/dateien/1463_wohlmuth_japan_germany_layout_115_6_2009.pdf ).
There is long tradition of universities in Bremen to cooperate with the Aichi University in Toyohashi Japan. Professor Toshihiko Hozumi from the Faculty of Economics, Aichi University, Toyohashi and Professor Karl Wohlmuth from IWIM, University of Bremen have supported for many years a cooperation with exchanges of professors and students and with researches in a working group on “Schumpeter and Asian Dynamics” (see the Research Programme on “Technology and Global Economic Developments” at: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/techonologie.htm , and see details about the IWIM Book Series volumes 7 and 9 with conference reports of the German-Japanese Working Group “Schumpeter and Asian Dynamics” at: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/publikationen/pub-jwt.htm ).
The Sudan Economy Research Group (SERG) and the Governance Sudan Project (GSP) at the University of Bremen have produced a number of relevant studies that can be the base for discussions and analyses on the design of new economic strategies after the Referendum ( see Sudan Economy Research Group and Governance Sudan Project). Lists of selected SERG studies of relevance for the new project on Economic Policies in Sudan after the Referendum of 2011 are available in alphabetical order and by subjects (see the list of SERG Studies in alphabetical order and also by subject areas)
Katharina Jantzen, a former IWIM staff, has successfully defended her dissertation in July 2010. She had studied in the GLOMAR PhD programme. GLOMAR is an institution of the University of Bremen financed by the Excellence Initiative of the Federal Republic of Germany. The dissertation will be published in the series German Maritime Studies. Professor Karl Wohlmuth was a member of the international Advisory Committee to guide her PhD programme on “Globalization and Regulation of Fisheries in the North Atlantic” (see the photo from the ceremony with Katharina Jantzen and members of the Examination Committee).
The Research Programme at the University of Bremen on Governance and Social Action in Sudan after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of January 9, 2005 is heading for the final conference in Khartoum which is due to take place at the University of Khartoum from September 28-30, 2010. The theme of the conference is related to the critical development phase of the Sudan between the first elections after the civil war in 2010 and the referendum about the independence of South Sudan in 2011: Towards the Referendum: Social Action and Economic and Political Changes in Sudan and the Involvement of Sub-Regional and International Powers after the CPA”. Contributions are still invited to share experiences on the issues with the project researchers (see Call for Papers and the list of SERG Studies in alphabetical order and also by subject areas.)
Professor Karl Wohlmuth is preparing a new project on “Economic Policies in Sudan after the Referendum of 2011”. As Sudan will be affected in any case deeply by the results of the Referendum, it is high time to discuss also the economic policy implications and options after the Referendum. So far only the political, the foreign policy, and the social implications are discussed in academic and policy circles. A network of interested researchers and experts working on the theme of the economic perspectives of the Sudan will therefore be established for this purpose. The Sudan Economy Research Group (SERG) and the Governance Sudan Project (GSP) at the University of Bremen have produced a number of relevant studies that can be the base for discussions and analyses on the design of new economic strategies after the Referendum (see Sudan Economy Research Group, Governance Sudan Project, and the list of SERG Studies in alphabetical order and also by subject areas.)
Lecture on Public Spending for Health Services and Inequality in Nigeria: Professor Dr. Reuben A. Alabi from the Department of Agricultural Economics, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria and Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellow at the Institute for World Economics and International Management (IWIM), University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany will give a lecture at the Global Economics Seminar, University of Bremen on "WHO IS BENEFITING FROM PREVENTIVE HEALTH SPENDING IN NIGERIA?" This is a first research report on the theme supported by a grant from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, and the research programme is supervised by Professor Karl Wohlmuth. The lecture is held at the University of Bremen on Wednesday, 21 July, 2010, at 4 pm in WHS 5, Room 0. 13 . An abstract outlines the issues that will be presented and discussed (see Abstract).
Guest Researcher from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia at IWIM: Mister Berhanu Denu, Lecturer at Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia and Volkswagen Foundation Research Scholar, has arrived for a further visit of four weeks at IWIM to finalize his book on Institutions and Investment in Sudan/South Sudan after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. The book, based on his PhD thesis, will be published in the IWIM Book Series in cooperation with LIT Publishers (see IWIM's Book Series), and it will appear as volume number 18 in the series. Mister Berhanu Denu will also finalize in Bremen a new SERG (Sudan Economy Research Group) discussion paper on An Agenda for Structural, Institutional, Political and Economic Policy Reforms to support Investment and to improve Investment Climate in Sudan/South Sudan. The SERG discussion papers are policy-oriented briefings on ongoing research programmes and research reports (see IWIM's SERG Discussion Papers ). The theoretical frame used by Mister Berhanu Denu is based on the New Institutional Economics.
New Education and Health Policies for Nigeria: Professor Dr. Alabi has written a new research report on the redistributive effects of public education spending in Nigeria. With complex empirical methods the redistributive effect of public spending for education (for primary and secondary school attendance) is quantified (see IWIM Blue Series Discussion Paper number 120). This research report is part of a larger research project funded by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. The Foundation has financed over 18 months a research visit by Dr. Alabi to IWIM and is now funding a return fellowship over 12 months in Ekpoma, Nigeria at Ambrose Alli University. Professor Karl Wohlmuth is the supervisor of the project. Also other contributions to this project by the author can be downloaded (see numbers 109, 114, 119 of the IWIM Blue Series Discussion Papers ). Professor Alabi will visit IWIM in July 2010 to discuss the draft of the Interim Report to the Foundation with Professor Karl Wohlmuth.