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15.08.2017
“Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth in Africa" – this is the title of two forthcoming volumes of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook

“Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Inclusive Growth in Africa" – this is the title of two forthcoming volumes of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook which are prepared now by a group of international experts. The Editorial Committee of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook has decided to split the scheduled volume 20 (for 2018) into two volumes, the volume 20 (for 2018) and the volume 21 (for 2019). This was considered as advisable because of the great number of high quality submissions of manuscripts to the Editors. While Volume 20 will consider Basic Issues of STI (Science, Technology and Innovation) policies in Africa and Country Cases for Sub-Saharan Africa, the Volume 21 will present Issues of Human Resources Development in the Digital Age, Country Cases for North Africa, and Book Reviews and Book Notes.

In Volume 20 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook essays on the linkages of inclusive growth, sustainable development and STI policies will be presented in the Introductory Unit. Also successful cases of STI development in Africa and STI systemic issues will be analysed. Focus countries are Sudan and Nigeria. Professor Samia Satti Nour, Khartoum University, Sudan and Professor Reuben A. Alabi, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria and currently Guest Researcher at IWIM/University of Bremen, were nominated as co-editors of the Units on Sudan and Nigeria and as Volume Editors; both have accepted the invitation. UNESCO Regional Science Policy Adviser Hassan Nazar, UNESCO Cairo Office, Egypt will be the co-editor of the Unit on Basic Issues of STI policies in Africa.

For Volume 21 (2019) essays are prepared for a Unit on Human Resources Development in Africa in the Digital Age, based on case studies for Cameroon and Nigeria. Country cases in North Africa are Egypt, Tunisia and Algeria. As usual, a strong Unit on Book Reviews and Book Notes rounds up the Volume 21. Again, UNESCO Regional Science Policy Adviser Hassan Nazar, UNESCO Office Cairo, Egypt will be the co-editor of the Unit on North Africa. Professor Achim Gutowski is again responsible for the Unit with Book Reviews and Book Notes. Professor Tobias Knedlik as the Managing Editor and Professor Karl Wohlmuth as the Scientific Co-ordinator are the other volume editors for the two forthcoming issues.

The African Development Perspectives Yearbook has over the decades - the first volume has appeared in 1989 – become the major English-language publication on Africa in Germany. The response to the  annual International Calls for Papers is huge, with an increasing interest on the side of African experts and experts from international and regional African organisations. UNCTAD/ Geneva, UNESCO/ Cairo, and the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF)/Nairobi, Kenya are the institutional cooperation partners for these two volumes. UNECA in Kigali, Rwanda has organized the book launch for the volumes 18 and 19 of the African Development  Perspectives Yearbook in October 2016. This was a great event, with TV appearances in 48 African countries. The Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen, which is editing the Yearbook, is also involved in researches, advisory work, and training activities. In 2019 the Research Group will celebrate the “30 years birthday ceremony” of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook.

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15.08.2017
25. Internationales Wirtschafts-, Wissenschafts- und Werteforum, 11. – 13. Oktober 2017 in der Bremischen Bürgerschaft und im Rathaus zu Bremen

Das 25. Internationale Wirtschafts-, Wissenschafts- und Werteforum findet vom 11.-13. Oktober 2017 in der Bremischen Bürgerschaft und im Rathaus zu Bremen statt. Die Deutsche Gesellschaft für angewandte Wissenschaften e. V. (DGAW) veranstaltet ihre 25. internationale wissenschaftliche Tagung zum Thema "Strategische Perspektiven 2050 – Europa im Spannungsfeld geopolitischer, geoökonomischer, geotechnologischer und geokultureller Entwicklungen". Gerade in Zeiten wachsender Globalisierungsskepsis und -kritik ist es wichtig, die neuen Herausforderungen an die Gestaltung der Globalisierung zu thematisieren. Professor Karl Wohlmuth wird im Themenbereich "Geoökonomische Entwicklungen" einen Vortrag zu den Perspektiven der globalen Armutsbekämpfung halten (vgl. PDF DGAW-WWW) halten: Über die Ergebnisse der 24. internationalen Tagung wurde ein Tagungsband mit einer Auswahl von Vorträgen veröffentlicht, herausgegeben von Professor Dr. Heinz-Jürgen Scheibe (vgl. PDF DGAW-Band 12). Der Beitrag von Professor Karl Wohlmuth zu den Perspektiven der Welternährung ist in dem Band enthalten.

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15.08.2017
40 Jahre Demokratische Arabische Republik Sahara – DARS

Aus der Mitteilung der Bremischen Bürgerschaft zur Festveranstaltung am Freitag, 26. Februar 2016, um 15 Uhr (Link: https://www.bremische-buergerschaft.de/index.php?id=509&tx_cal_controller%5Bview%5D=event&tx_cal_controller%5Btype%5D=tx_cal_phpicalendar&tx_cal_controller%5Buid%5D=3652&tx_cal_controller%5Blastview%5D=view-month%7Cpage_id-512&tx_cal_controller%5Byear%5D=2016&tx_cal_controller%5Bmonth%5D=02&tx_cal_controller%5Bday%5D=26&cHash=ea1855867b354fe44ba01869bae69d6a):

Seit über 40 Jahren hoffen die Menschen in der West-Sahara auf ein Leben in einem unabhängigen Staat. Nach der Gründung des Exilstaates Demokratische Arabische Republik Sahara (DARS) am 27. Februar 1976 führte die Frente Polisario einen bewaffneten Kampf gegen Marokko. Hunderttausende Sahrauis flohen; in West-Algerien nahe der Grenzstadt Tindouf leben in vier großen Lagern rund 160.000 Menschen. 1991 kam es zu einem Waffenstillstand gegen die Zusage, über das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Sahrauis mit einem UN-geführten Referendum zu entscheiden. Die UN-Friedensmission MINURSO wurde damit 1992 beauftragt. Bis heute ist den Sahrauis das Referendum verweigert worden. Mit einer Festveranstaltung will die Bremische Bürgerschaft zusammen mit dem biz – Bremer Informationszentrum für Menschenrechte und Entwicklung und dem Verein Freiheit für die Westsahara an den 40. Jahrestag der Gründung des Exilstaates erinnern und für das Referendum werben. Christian Weber, Präsident der Bremischen Bürgerschaft und Schirmherr des Kuratoriums des Vereins Freiheit für die Westsahara, lädt herzlich zur Festveranstaltung im Festsaal des Hauses der Bürgerschaft ein.

Seither hat sich die Lage der Sahrauis zumindest politisch erheblich verändert. Der Europäische Gerichtshof hat festgestellt, dass Handelsabkommen zwischen der EU und Marokko nicht die Westsahara einschließen (vgl. die Stellungnahme der einflussreichen amerikanischen Juristenvereinigung: PDF DARS-Frente Polisario). Aus der Stellungnahme der amerikanischen Juristen “Western Sahara is not part of the Kingdom of Morocco the European Union Court of Justice says”: “On 21 December 2016, the Grand Chamber of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) decided that the Association agreement and the Liberalisation agreement between the EU and Morocco was not applicable to Western Sahara.” Es geht nun darum, den Kampf für die Erlangung der staatlichen Unabhängigkeit der West-Sahara zu verstärken. Die diesbezüglichen Initiativen des Vereins Freiheit Für Die Westsahara e. V. (vgl. dazu den regelmäßig erscheinenden Newsletter: PDF 2017 _06 Newsletter) sind international vernetzt und zeigen Wirkung.

Professor Karl Wohlmuth beschäftigt sich seit 2016 mit dem Wirtschaftspotential der West-Sahara und hat vorgeschlagen, eine von der Frente Polisario veranstaltete internationale Wirtschaftskonferenz West-Sahara abzuhalten, um das Wirtschaftspotential der West-Sahara und die Möglichkeiten der Nutzung dieses Potentials für die Bevölkerung der West-Sahara aufzuzeigen. Eine Skizze dazu liegt vor.

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15.08.2017
Hochrangige chinesische Delegation aus der Provinz Tianjin informiert sich über Strategien der Innovation und der industriellen Entwicklung in Deutschland (Montag, 4. 7. bis Montag, 11. 7. 2016, IGC Hochschule Bremen)

Das International Graduate Center (IGC) der Hochschule Bremen bietet seit Jahren erfolgreich Weiterbildungen für Mitarbeiter chinesischer Unternehmen sowie von Landes- und Kommunalverwaltungen an. Professor Karl Wohlmuth hat an einigen dieser Veranstaltungen als Referent teilgenommen. Auch zu dieser Veranstaltung ist Professor Wohlmuth eingeladen, um Vorträge zu Innovationsstrategien in Bremen und Deutschland zu halten. Interessensschwerpunkte der Expertengruppe aus der Provinz Tianjin sind: Gegenwärtiger Zustand und Entwicklungsprozesse der deutschen Fertigungsindustrie; Industrie 4.0 in Deutschland; und Erfahrungen mit  Methoden der Umstrukturierung und Modernisierung der Industrie in Deutschland. Professor Wohlmuth hat bisher in dem Programm zu Fragen der Nationalen Innovationssysteme in Deutschland und Bremen im Vergleich zu den Nationalen Innovationssystemen in der VR China und in deren Provinzen referiert; auch über langfristige Innovationsstrategien in Deutschland und in China hat Professor Wohlmuth berichtet (vgl. dazu den Link: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/forschung/forsch-china.htm).

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14.12.2016
Launch Event in Kigali, Rwanda in October 2016: Book Launches in the Kigali Convention Centre for Volumes 18 and 19 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook
UNECA (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa) and the University of Bremen (Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen) will launch the two recent volumes of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook in a three days ceremony in Kigali, Rwanda (see Launch of Yearbook). Speakers from the United Nations (UNECA, UNESCO, UNCTAD), from the Government of Rwanda (Ministry of EAC Integration, Central Bank of Rwanda), from Universities in Rwanda, Representatives from Media, Authors of the two editions, and the Management Staff of the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen will launch in their statements the new volumes (see the Flyers: Wohlmuth Cover Band 18 and Cover Volume 19).

A Press Conference on Day One, a Scientific Workshop on Day Two, Visits to present the volumes at the Universities in Kigali and a Visit to the Genocide Memorial on Day Three are part of the programme (see the Preliminary Programme of the Launch Event as a Launch of Yearbook). Ms. Valentine Rugwabiza, Minister of East African Community Integration, Republic of Rwanda, will give the Keynote Presentation to launch the new editions of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook. Various Staff from the Ministry will have official functions in the event. Andrew Mold, Acting Director, UNECA for Eastern Africa, the Mastermind of the Event, will lead through the Event. Professor Karl Wohlmuth, Director of the Research Group on African Development Perspectives, intends to publish a Documentation following the event in Kigali, Rwanda.
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14.12.2016
How The Military And Other Armed Groups Profit In The MENA Region, with a Case Study on Sudan

A new study edited by Elke Grawert and Zeinab Abul-Magd highlights the role of “Businessmen in Arms” for the MENA region (including countries such as Egypt, Pakistan, Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Sudan, Yemen, Libya, and Syria). The comparative study was published by Rowman & Littlefield (See Contents and Cover). The contribution on Sudan was done by Professor Atta El-Battahani, a long-term co-operator of  IWIM during the years of IWIM’s “Governance and Social Action in Sudan” project. The project lasted over five years and was supported by the Volkswagen Foundation; it was directed by Karl Wohlmuth and Elke Grawert. Elke Grawert is now Senior Researcher with BICC/Bonn International Center for Conversion in Bonn and Senior Lecturer at the University of Bonn (Link: https://www.bicc.de/about/staff/staffmember/member/46-grawert/ ). In this book the role of military businesses, the economic interests of retired military officers, and the web of funding of non-state armed groups in these countries are analysed.

In the chapter on Sudan, a broad historical overview of the interactions between military and businesses is presented and the political consequences of the transformation of the Sudanese Armed Forces  (SAF) are outlined. The role of the military in the various political regimes and phases of development in Sudan (up to the oil export economy since 1999 and the South Sudan separation in 2011) are presented. See the excerpts from the contribution by Professor Atta El-Battahani in the book (Link) and the related short study “The Sudan Armed Forces and Prospects of Change” which was worked out for CMI/Chr. Michelsen Institute in Bergen (Link: https://www.cmi.no/publications/file/5790-the-sudan-armed-forces-and-prospects-of-change.pdf ). The “CMI Insight” concludes that the current regime has led to ambiguous effects with regard to SAF; it expanded SAF’s role in the economy and in business, while at the same time it weakened it as a professional army. The consequence is that these features make predicting which role the military may take in political affairs of Sudan in the future very difficult.

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06.07.2016
“Aviation in Africa” & 13th Aviation Student Research Workshop
30th June to 2nd July 2016, Bremen



In cooperation with Airneth, G.A.R.S. and the Hogeschool van Amsterdam, the Centre for Public Management (zep) of the City University of Applied Sciences Bremen (HSB) hosts the First Workshop on Aviation in Africa and the Annual G.A.R.S. Student Research Workshop. Professor Karl Wohlmuth will give a presentation on “New Growth and Poverty Alleviation Strategies – Spatial Development Matters” in the Session I “New Strategies for Inclusive Economic Growth in Africa I” on Thursday, June 30th 2016, 9:15 – 10:45, Venue: City University AS Bremen, Werderstraße 73. Professor Wohlmuth will also participate at Session V: Panel Discussion: Air Transport and Inclusive Growth for Africa; the panelists are: Robert Kappel (GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg), Karl Wohlmuth (University of Bremen), Ken Button (George Mason University), and Nicole Adler (Hebrew University). The Panel will be chaired by Ofelia Betancor, Univer. de Las Palmas. See the Programme Details: PDF Preliminary Bremen Workshop Programme

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06.07.2016
“Long-Term Processes of Socio-Economic Development”
A Herrenhausen Conference of the Volkswagen Foundation, Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, November 20-21, 2015
On November 20-21, 2015, researchers and international experts on socio-economic processes in national economies met in Hanover, Germany, for a Herrenhausen Conference. With its Herrenhausen Conferences the Volkswagen Foundation provides international experts as well as junior researchers with a platform for an intensive interdisciplinary dialogue on exciting new areas of research and innovative methodological approaches. Starting form the question “Why are we so rich and they so poor?” (a phrase attributed to David Landes) the conference attempted to answer the question by calling for a better understanding of long-term processes of economic development. Crises in the world economy show that economic development is not a relatively stable process of growth. In reality socio-economic development processes by no means follow long-term, relatively stable paths of equilibrium. These processes are subject to upheavals, asynchronies, and asymmetries and give now and then rise to crises of varying severity and duration.

In three Sessions the work was structured:

Session 1: Determinants of Long-run Development and Global Differences in Economic Performance

Session 2: Transitions and Crises as Determinants of Development?

Session 3: Learning for the Future: The Role of Demographic Change, Preferences, Culture and Experience

Professor Karl Wohlmuth from the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen was invited by the Volkswagen Foundation to attend this important conference in Hanover. The Conference gave impulses to his work on Perspectives of African Development and the Role of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) as a Driver of Global Development.

The Documentation of the Conference shows how rich the event in Hanover was:

The Conference Documentation of "Long-Term Processes of Socio-Economic Development" can be accessed via:

https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/veranstaltungen/veranstaltungsberichte/berichte/documentation-herrenhausen-conference-long-term-processes-of-socio-economic-development.html

The Programme can be accessed via:

https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/fileadmin/downloads/programme/2015_Veranstaltungsprogramme/Program_HK_Socio_Economics.pdf

The Summary Report can be accessed via:

https://www.volkswagenstiftung.de/fileadmin/downloads/publikationen/veranstaltungsberichte/2015/HH_Conference_Socio-Economic_Development_2015_-_Summary_Report.pdf
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06.07.2016
Is Islamic Banking Good for Growth in Africa? What About Islamic Microfinance in Africa?
Professor Badr El Din A. Ibrahim, President of the Microfinance Unit at the Central Bank of Sudan, a former IWIM guest professor who has published the studies with the numbers 34 and 35 in SERG (Sudan Economy Research Group) Discussion Papers, discusses why Shari’ah-compliant financing is key. He considers in a two-part series the perspectives on Islamic, or interest-free, microfinance (see PDF BA25 and PDF BA 26). Badr El Din A. Ibrahim writes (p. 35, The Case for Islamic Microfinance in Africa): “Interest-free finance can capture un-tapped microfinance opportunities arising in the continent that the conventional approach cannot. This conviction is not unfamiliar as interest-free microfinance is a new concept in African countries such as Ghana, Tanzania and Kenya, to name a few. And as the IMF paper (see source IMF 2014 below) pointed out, Sub Saharan Africa’s growing middle class, combined with its young population, is an opportunity for interest-free finance to expand its services in Africa side-by side with conventional banking.

Access to Badr El Din A. Ibrahim’s essays in Banker Africa:

Microfinance Part 1: http://www.cpifinancial.net/flipbooks/BA/2015/25/#34
Microfinance Part 2: http://www.cpifinancial.net/flipbooks/BA/2015/26/#36
Sarah Owermohle, Editor, Banker Africa, www.bankerafrica.com

Other relevant contributors to the debate on Islamic Banking and Growth in Africa:

IMF Working Paper, 2014, African Department, Islamic Finance in Sub-Saharan Africa: Status and Prospects, Prepared by Enrique Gelbard, Mumtaz Hussain, Rodolfo Maino, Yibin Mu, and Etienne B. Yehoue, IMF: Washington D.C., August 2014
Web Access: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2014/wp14149.pdf

IMF/International Monetary Fund, 2015,  WP/15/81, IMF Working Paper African Department, Is Islamic Banking Good for Growth? Prepared by Patrick Imam and Kangni Kpodar, IMF: Washington D.., April 2015
Web Access: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2015/wp1581.pdf

CGAP (Consultative Group to Assist the Poor), Microfinance Gateway
Web Access: http://www.microfinancegateway.org/library/islamic-banking-good-growth

A.T. Kearney, Inc., 2012, The Future of Islamic Banking, A.T. Kearney, Inc.
Web Access: https://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/654853/Future+of+Islamic+Bankingpdf/27167edf-a96d-4465-b88a-83beb25ed4bd

All these contributions show that it is necessary to study carefully the role of Islamic Banking and of Islamic Microfinance for inclusive growth in Africa so as to reach the poor and the vulnerable. Islamic Microfinance may have a role in poverty reduction which is not yet assessed properly. SERG will continue to cooperate with Professor Badr El Din A. Ibrahim on these important issues.
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06.07.2016
„Transformative Regional Integration In Africa” – The Theme of the New Volume 18 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook
Volume 18 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook for 2015/16 was released by the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen. In this Volume 18 of the African Development Perspectives Yearbook with the title “Africa’s Progress in Regional and Global Economic Integration – Towards Transformative Regional Integration” major strategic and policy issues are analyzed. The guiding issue is how to make regional integration in Africa more transformative. So far regional integration in Africa was based on a conventional (linear) model, starting from preference zones and then moving to free trade areas, customs unions, monetary and economic zones, etc. This volume presents a new and integrated approach for regional integration in Africa. Essays and country cases are presented to highlight the issues.

See the Flyer for Volume 18: PDF Wohlmuth-Cover Band 18

Complementary to Volume 18 is Volume 19 with the title “Africa’s Progress in Regional and Global Economic Integration – Towards New Trade and Investment Policies”. Two major issues are discussed – first, the role of “New Trade Policies in Africa for Structural Change” and second, the role of “New Investment Policies in Africa for Structural Change”. The contribution to a more transformative regional integration agenda for Africa is presented. Volume 19 for 2017 is due to appear in September 2016.
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