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Agro-Industrial Development

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Zweite Auflage der UNIDO-Studie mit den Länderfallstudien zur Entwicklung von Agroindustrie und Agribusiness in Afrika ist erschienen:

Die zweite Auflage der UNIDO-Studie Agribusiness for Africa's Prosperity - Country Case Studies ist eben erschienen. In acht Länderfallstudien (Äthiopien, Mali, Sambia, Kamerun, Nigeria, Senegal, Kenia und Südafrika), die meist von afrikanischen Wissenschaftlern und Wissenschaftlerinnen dieser Länder erstellt wurden, werden die Entwicklungen von Agroindustrie und Agribusiness untersucht. Es werden auch Vorschläge für eine umfassende Politikreform mit dem Ziel der Stimulierung des Sektors gemacht. In zwei zusammenfassenden Kapiteln werden von Professor Karl Wohlmuth, IWIM, Universität Bremen und Dr. Patrick Kormawa, Direktor für die Region Westafrika der UNIDO die wesentlichen Ergebnisse der Länderfallstudien zusammengefasst. Die Determinanten der Entwicklung des Sektors und die Perspektiven einer Politikreform zur Förderung des Sektors stehen dabei im Vordergrund. In einem Index der Transformation des Sektors werden die Erfolge bzw. Hemmnisse bei der Entwicklung des Sektors dargestellt.

Der Bremer Wirtschaftsprofessor Karl Wohlmuth arbeitet seit Februar 2008 an dem Projekt der UNIDO "Value Addition to Africa's Industry" mit.

Der gesamte Bericht mit den Länderfallstudien kann eingesehen werden über den Link:

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Agro-Industries/Agribusiness/AAP_CCS_v4.pdf

 

 

Diese Studie mit den Länderanalysen ist ein Hintergrundbericht zu der umfassenden Grundlagenstudie Agribusiness for Africa's Prosperity, die vom Generaldirektor der UNIDO, Dr. Kandeh Yumkella initiiert wurde. Auch diese Studie kann als E-Book in englischer und in französischer Sprache komplett eingesehen werden (vgl. Links unten).

Die Studie ist verfügbar als E-Book in englischer Sprache via:

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Publications/Pub_sales/Agribusiness_for_Africas_Prosperity_e-book.pdf

und als E-Book in französischer Sprache via:

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Agro-Industries/Agribusiness/agribusiness_french_e-book.pdf

Diese drei Bücher sind gedacht als Inputs für die Politikreform in diesem Bereich in den afrikanischen Ländern und als Materialien für die Initiative 3ADI/Accelerated Agribusiness and Agro-industries Development Initiative (vgl. die relevanten Links zu dieser Initiative: http://www.3adi.org/ und http://www.3adi.org/tl_files/3ADIDocuments/Other%203ADI%20docs/briefing%20note%203adi%201103.pdf).

 

 

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Second Edition of UNIDO Study on Country Cases of African Agro-industry Development just released:

The second edition of an UNIDO Study with Country Cases on Developing Agribusiness and Promoting Agro-industries in Africa was just released. This is the background document to a major UNIDO Study on Agribusiness for Africa's Prosperity, published under the guidance of the General Director of UNIDO, Dr. Kandeh Yumkella. The Second Edition of the Report with African Country Cases contains eight chapters with case studies and two summarizing chapters by Professor Karl Wohlmuth from the University of Bremen and Dr. Patrick Kormawa, Director for the West Africa Region at UNIDO. The eight case studies, mainly done by African economists, contain evaluations of the ongoing structural changes in the sector and of the policy context for agribusiness development and agro-industry promotion. The synthesis is presented in chapters 1 and 10 while the country case studies are presented in the chapters 2 to 9. The synthesis chapters contain a Country Typology and an Overview for the Eight Cases as well as Lessons from the Cases and Recommendations for a New Industrial Policy which is linked better linked to agricultural development. A Transformation Index is presented covering 10 criteria for assessment.

A full download of the background study with the African country cases is possible via:

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Agro-Industries/Agribusiness/AAP_CCS_v4.pdf

 

 

The main UNIDO Report on Agribusiness for Africa's Prosperity can be downloaded as an E-Book in English via:

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Publications/Pub_sales/Agribusiness_for_Africas_Prosperity_e-book.pdf

and as an E-book in French via:

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Agro-Industries/Agribusiness/agribusiness_french_e-book.pdf

These books are policy inputs to the 3ADI (Accelerated Agribusiness and Agro-industries Development Initiative (see also the relevant links to http://www.3adi.org/ and to http://www.3adi.org/tl_files/3ADIDocuments/Other%203ADI%20docs/briefing%20note%203adi%201103.pdf).

 

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First Africa Congress Bremerhaven at Forum Klimahaus September 12-13, 2012

IWIM was asked to inform its Africa networks about the forthcoming conference in Bremerhaven (see Link to the Organizers: http://klimahaus-bremerhaven.de/africa/). This is done by asserting that the conference is an important event, covering in Forum I important issues of land use, land grabbing and food security in Africa. Good governance and sustainability issues are discussed in Forum II.  There are also two workshops I and II on urban climate adaptation projects in Africa and on improving land use, water and food security under climate change conditions in rural Africa. In two further Forums III and IV issues of Fighting poverty with sustainable economy and of Education for Sustainable Development are discussed.

IWIM is still researching on these issues (See the links to the projects: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/Agro-IndustrialDevelopment.htm and http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/EconomicPoliciesInSudan.htm ,and see also the link to the work of the Research Group on African Development Perspectives Bremen: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/africa/about.htm ). In the past major research projects on renewable energy economics and sustainability economics were executed (Links: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/forschung/abgeschl.htm#Nachhaltiges and http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/forschung/abgeschl.htm#Energiebereich).

 

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Science, Technology and Innovation and the Promotion of Agribusiness in Africa:

In an essay Professor Karl Wohlmuth discusses three levels of action for promoting agriculture, agro-industry and agribusiness in Africa - the level of sectors and sub-sectors, the level of value chains and the level of competitive firms and products. It is shown that progress depends on strategies to create linkages between sectors, to integrate value chains and to convert comparative advantages into competitive positions. The role of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) is relevant at all the three levels, and specific support strategies are proposed and recommended. STI is a major force which can be productively used also in low developed African countries. Although some African countries have made progress in linking agribusiness development and STI, like Rwanda, much more needs to be done at national, regional and sector levels. 

The essay will be published in a long version (in the IWIM Blue Series Discussion Papers Number 124) and as a short version (in an edited volume on West African Fruits and Crops, based on a research project directed by Professor Hans-Heinrich Bass, Bremen University of Applied Sciences).

 

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The UNIDO study "Agribusiness for Africa's Prosperity" with the chapter on "Science, Technology and Innovation in Africa's Agro-Industries"

 The UNIDO study Agribusiness for Africa's Prosperity with the chapter on Science, Technology and Innovation in Africa by Professor Karl Wohlmuth is now also available as an E-Book - in the English Edition and in the French Edition (see for the English Edition: 

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Publications/Pub_sales/Agribusiness_for_Africas_Prosperity_e-book.pdf 

and for the French Edition: 

http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Agro-Industries/Agribusiness/agribusiness_french_e-book.pdf).

 

 

 

 

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Industrialisierung auf der Basis landwirtschaftlicher Entwicklung in Afrika:

 Professor Karl Wohlmuth sprach in der Wissenschaftsmatinee "Wissen um 11" im Haus der Wissenschaft zu dem Thema "Industrialisierung in Afrika auf der Grundlage landwirtschaftlicher Entwicklung - Bericht eines Mitautors über eine neue UN-Studie" (vgl. dazu die Präsentation unter http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/Siakeu/Wissen-um-11-3-2012.pdf). Das Thema wurde von der Forschungsgruppe Afrikanische Entwicklungsperspektiven Bremen bereits im Zusammenhang mit dem Band 2 des African Development Perspectives Yearbook für 1990/91 umfassend abgehandelt (Link zum Afrika-Jahrbuch http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/africa/africanyearbook.htm). Die neue UN-Studie greift diese Thematik unter Berücksichtigung aktueller Entwicklungen und neuer Forschungsergebnisse auf (vgl. dazu auch die Infos auf der Projektseite: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/AgroIndustrialDevelopmentinAfrica.htm ).

Global Food Price Increases, Speculation, Land Grabbing and Effective Public Policy Interventions:
In a new essay Professor Karl Wohlmuth analyses the impact of the global food price increases on Africa (Link: IWIM Blue Series Discussion Papers Number 123). While the global food price increases have an impact on the domestic food prices in African countries, these impacts depend on country and product characteristics. In this study the impact of speculation on the prices of food products which are traded at global markets is also considered. Speculation is a determining factor of global food prices and has impacts also on domestic African food prices. However, new evidence shows that land grabbing (large-scale land deals in institutionally weak African countries like South Sudan) may be considered as a direct and most serious form of speculation. Land grabbing can lead to land hoarding in case of delayed production, to a replacement of food crops by energy crops and export crops, and to further speculative deals with parts of the originally leased land. Land grabbing is therefore another form of speculation with impacts on domestic food prices of African countries. The obvious concentration of land deals in institutionally weak African countries like South Sudan is a serious matter and requests urgent public action. Public action is therefore needed to respond to the global food price increases and to land grabbing at national, regional and global levels. The essay by Professor Karl Wohlmuth outlines the public policy actions that may be effective at these three levels.

Ökonomische Afrikaforschung an der Universität Bremen: Professor Karl Wohlmuth berichtete in der Ratskelleruniversität der unifreunde über drei aktuelle Projekte der Afrikaforschung in seinem Arbeitsbereich. Näher eingegangen wurde auf eine kürzlich veröffentlichte Studie mit acht Länderbeispielen zur Perspektive von Agroindustrie und Agribusiness in Afrika. Referiert wurde zum Thema "Potentiale von Agroindustrie und Agribusiness in Afrika – Ergebnisse einer vergleichenden Länderstudie" (Link zu PDF Vortrag http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/Siakeu/Freunde%20Universit%C3%A4t%20Bremen-1-2012-2.pdf).

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New UNIDO Report on Africa's Agroindustry and Agribusiness Released in Vienna:

Economics Professor Karl Wohlmuth and UNIDO Director for West Africa Patrick M. Kormawa have released the new report Agribusiness for Africa's Prosperity, Country Case Studies. The report contains eight case studies (Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Zambia). Throughout these country case studies analyze the following issues: the case for agro-industrial development; the structure and dynamics of agro-industries; the policies for developing agro-industries; the key policy factors for promoting agribusiness; and the visions, plans, and way forward. 

Professor Karl Wohlmuth and UNIDO Director Kormawa highlight the issues and give an overview of the study in the first chapter on Context of Agro-industry in Africa. The country cases are reviewed and assessed. Interesting results for policymakers emerged from the case studies: the ranking of the eight countries according to the actual transformation stage of agro-industry and agribusiness reveals that landlocked and least developed countries can develop these branches of industry with positive effects on employment, poverty reduction, value addition and trade creation, and with sustainable effects on agricultural development and industrialization. 

In the final chapter Conclusions the two editors of the report give lessons of more general developmental importance that were derived from the study; as well recommendations for policymakers are presented so as to enable them to modify agro-industrial development policies. Also there are views presented in the report on necessary changes and refinements for UNIDO projects and programs in the eight countries. A New Industrial Policy Framework is proposed and outlined in some detail. 

The report gives evidence on the state of agribusiness in these eight countries and is intended to equip policymakers with new analysis, new facts, innovative solutions and comparative insights. The Report is part of the UNIDO project Value Addition to African Industry/Agribusiness for Africa's Prosperity that was guided by the UNIDO Director General Kandeh K. Yumkella and executed by Patirck M. Kormawa, UNIDO Director for West Africa. Professor Karl Wohlmuth has worked as an International Consultant in this Project (see details about the New Project Agro-industries: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/Agro-IndustrialDevelopment.htm and for bibliographic reference the Publications Karl Wohlmuth: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/publikationen/pub-wohlmuth.htm)

 

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Die französischsprachige Ausgabe der neuen UNIDO-Studie

Die französischsprachige Ausgabe der neuen UNIDO-Studie über die Potentiale und Chancen des Agribusiness in Afrika mit dem Beitrag von Professor Karl Wohlmuth über Wissenschaft, Technik und Innovation in Afrika ist soeben erschienen: 

Karl Wohlmuth, Renforcement des efforts technologiques et des capacités d'innovation, S. 186 – 227, in: AGRIBUSINESS POUR LA PROSPÉRITÉ DE L'AFRIQUE, L'agribusiness au secours de la prospérité de l'Afrique (full access for download via: http://www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Agro-Industries/Agribusiness/agribusiness_french_e-book.pdf ). 

Die englischsprachige Ausgabe des Bandes ist ebenfalls frei zugänglich (vgl. Publikationen Karl Wohlmuth und Projekt Agroindustrie).

 

Link zu Publikationen Karl Wohlmuth: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/publikationen/pub-wohlmuth.htm 

 

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Der neue Ansatz der UNIDO zur Entwicklung der Agroindustrie in Afrika

Professor Karl Wohlmuth hat über den neuen Ansatz der UNIDO zur Entwicklung der Agroindustrie in Afrika referiert und Kernpunkte zusammengefasst (vgl. den kurzen Bericht und die Power Point-Präsentation). Professor Wohlmuth hat als UN-Konsulent an dem Bericht mitgearbeitet.

Link zum Bericht: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/Tchokam/Leitfaden%20UNIDO-9-2010-1.pdf 

Link zur Power Point-Präsentation: http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/Tchokam/Leitfaden%20Landwirtschaft%20in%20Afrika-9-2011.pdf 

 

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A new UN Report on Africa was released by UNIDO

 

A new UN Report on Africa was released by UNIDO. The Report "Agribusiness for Africa's Prosperity" highlights the prospects of industrialization in Africa based on sustainable agricultural development. Seven development pillars are outlined and give the basis for a new strategy and for an action plan. UNIDO and other international and regional African organizations are working towards its implementation. Professor Karl Wohlmuth from the University of Bremen has contributed to this Report with an essay on the development pillar "Science, Technology, Innovation". The title of his essay is "Strengthening Technological Effort and Innovation Capabilities" (see more about the Project Agro-Industries).

 

 

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